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Phonics

Please click here for the Phonics Teaching guidance.

Welcome to our phonics page.  Children in Early Years, Year 1 and Year 2 are taught phonics every day to help them learn to read and write.  Phonics is about learning the relationship between letters and sounds.  Children are taught to read letters, or groups of letters, by saying the sound they represent.  They can then blend the sounds they know to read whole words.  In this section, you will find a breakdown of the learning expectations and ideas to support your child at home.

Aim

Our aim is for every child at Amesbury CE Primary School to enjoy and be successful at reading and writing.  Phonics is about learning the relationship between letters and sounds.  This is how the vast majority of children will learn to read and write.  Our students are always encouraged to work hard and demonstrate our school values of kindness, dignity and endurance, thereby promoting our whole school ethos ‘Whatever you do, work at it with all your heart.’ (Colossians 3:23)


Our vision is achieved through daily whole class phonics lessons in EYFS and Key Stage 1, that are clearly structured, well-paced and highly interactive.  We follow the DfES Letters and Sounds teaching framwork to ensure all children are supported to progress through the six phases of phonics learning, thus enabling them to become confident readers and authors who are best-equipped to understand, explore and work creatively as citizens of God’s world.


Teaching and Learning

DfES Letters and Sounds knowledge and skills:

Phase 1

Learning activities are linked to environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and oral segmenting and blending.

Phase 2

Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one phoneme for each grapheme.  Segmenting simple words into individual sounds and blending sounds to read whole words. Beginning to read simple captions.

Phase 3

Learning the remaining letters of the alphabet and one phoneme for each grapheme.  Learning two-letter graphemes (eg shchth) and three-letter graphemes (eg igh ear air).  Reading and writing captions, simple sentences and questions.

Phase 4

No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase.  The children secure their knowledge so far, and learn to segment and blend longer words.

Phase 5

Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes they already know (eg ai in rain and ay in play).  They learn different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know (eg ow in down and ow in snow).  Reading and writing sentences, including questions.

Phase 6

Learning spelling rules and patterns, including doubling or dropping letters and adding prefixes and suffixes.

  • Grapheme refers to the written letters in a word.
  • Phoneme refers to the sound made by the letter or group of letters.
  • Segment refers to breaking down a word in order to read a sound at a time.
  • Blend refers to putting together the individual sounds in a word.

What is the Phonics Screening Check?

Children are required to complete a phonics assessment at the end of Year 1.  This is to ensure they can recall and use their learning so far.  The phonics screening check asks children to read a set of forty real and nonsense words.  They will do this one-to-one with their teacher.  Children who do not achieve the pass mark will be given additional support (eg extra phonics lessons as part of a small group) before they retake the assessment in Year 2.

Home Learning

Below are some website links to encourage and support your keen young readers and authors outside of school. Click on the images to follow the links.

 

You can also look on YouTube for phonics learning videos by Alphablocks and Mr Thorne.  Have fun!